Uzbekistan: Passages toward the Knowledge-Based Economy, Master Plan for the Transition
Procuring Authority: UNDP
The project addresses the challenges confronting the economy of Uzbekistan in a historical perspective in order to elucidate the available policy options. It does this by addressing three sets of issues that have been at the centre of the current debates over the appropriateness of the concept of knowledge-based economy for developing and transition economies:

  • The conceptual level addresses questions of definition and answers to questions such as what is the knowledge-based economy and how different is it from the new economy or the network economy?

  • The relevance of the knowledge-based economy to developing countries addresses questions of whether the concept of the knowledge-based economy has any relevance to the needs of developing and transition economies

  • Implementation involves questions of how to convert the key concepts of the knowledge-based economy into ‘enabling frameworks’ of action


  • The project is structured in five phases:

  • Phase 1 elaborates the key concepts of the knowledge-based economy and assesses the appropriateness of the concept and required adjustments for the economy of Uzbekistan

  • Phase 2 assesses central features of the economy of the country (competitiveness of the economy with reference to industrial structure, quality of human resources, ICT preparedness, and the regulatory and policy environment) in terms of their preparedness for the transition to the knowledge-based economy

  • Phase 3 addresses issues such as recent government initiatives for educational reform, training and retraining programs currently in place, the state of ICT and its implementation in educational institutions, educational reform with emphasis on the formation of human capital for science and technology, lifelong learning programs, and the connections between formal education and the world of business

  • Phase 4 addresses key issues in the country’s national innovation system, such as the challenge of connecting research and education with business and economic development, the institutional structure of the national system of innovation, the state of innovation policy, research capabilities, the state of the regulatory environment, finance and business support programs, and government efforts and initiatives to mobilize the private sector through various support programs

  • Phase 5 develops the Master Plan for the transition to the knowledge-based economy. The Plan is structured as a ‘policy matrix’ that outlines specific actionable policy areas and recommendations for each policy domain