Globalisation and Regional Economies: Can OECD Regions Compete in Global Industries?

Editor: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Series: Book (published by OECD Publishing)
Publication Date: October 2007



Abstract
Despite concern about the negative impacts of globalisation on the economies of OECD regions, notably the loss of manufacturing jobs and enterprise relocation, this report presents evidence that region-specific advantages – embedded in specialised firms, skilled labour and innovation capacity – remain a significant source of productivity gain for firms, even for the largest multinational enterprises. A new geography of production is emerging, based around both old and new regional hubs in OECD and non-OECD countries. National and regional governments in OECD countries are looking for ways to ensure that regions maintain a competitive edge in industries that generate wealth and jobs. This report looks at how different regions are responding to these challenges and the strategies they have adopted to support existing competitive advantages and to transform their assets to develop new competitive strengths.
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Globalisation and Regional Economies - Case Studies in the Automotive Sector

Editor: NUTEK

Series: Book (published by NUTEK)
Publication Date: October 2007




Abstract
In today’s globalising world, many regions are struggling to maintain their competitive edge. The regional specialisations built up over decades are transforming rapidly. Regions that were historically production centres in a given sector appear to be losing out to lower-cost locations and reorienting to higher value-added niches. However, even some of these upstream activities are being off-shored. How are regions responding to the challenges of globalisation and to changes in production systems? This Automotive sector report looks at different regional strategies to support and develop regional competitive advantages in Västra Götaland (Sweden), Turin (Italy), Detroit/Southeast Michigan (US) and Shanghai (China). Issues addressed include the shift from manufacturing-based regional economies to economies that focus on non-production activities; the implications of dependence on multinationals for a regional economy; and the local impact of investment in R&D and innovation in a globalised economy.
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Global Information Technologies: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (6 Volumes)

Editor: Felix B. Tan (Auckland University of Technology)

Series: Book (published by Information Science Reference)
Publication Date: October 2007


Abstract
The increasingly pervasive distribution of networked information and communication technologies has diminished geographic and cultural boundaries and created unprecedented opportunities for interaction across previous physical and sociocultural divides. Yet this emerging context of global networking faces societies with perhaps as many challenges as opportunities. Global Information Technologies: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications compiles a defining body of authoritative research on these topics, resulting in a complete reference collection that cuts across all major areas of concern in the global information domain.
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Encyclopedia of Virtual Communities and Technologies

Editor: Subhasish Dasgupta (George Washington University)

Series: Book (published by Idea Group)
Publication Date: October 2005




Abstract
Advances in computer and telecommunications technologies during the past several decades, have facilitated the creation of virtual communities and organizations throughout the world. The Encyclopedia of Virtual Communities and Technologies provides the most inclusive coverage of the concepts and realities in the field of virtual communities and technologies. The hundreds of entries included in this encyclopedia have been authored by 142 leading international researchers, presenting an in-depth analysis of conceptual, technical, and the impacts of virtual environments in our global village. In addition, over 100 entries provide coverage of different types of virtual communities, their social status and impact, and individual and group behavior in these communities. This encyclopedia also offers coverage of upcoming and emerging technologies for virtual communities human-computer interfaces, new networking, mobile computing, web services, and synchronous and asynchronous environments.
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Transforming Enterprise: The Economic and Social Implications of Information Technology

Editors: William H. Dutton (U. of Oxford), Ramon O'Callaghan (Tilburg U.), Andrew W. Wyckoff (OECD), Brian Kahin (U. of Michigan)

Series: Book (published by MIT Press)


Abstract

Innovators across all sectors of society are using information and communication technology to reshape economic and social activity. Even after the boom -- and despite the bust -- the process of structural change continues across organizational boundaries. Transforming Enterprise considers the implications of this change from a balanced, post-bust perspective.
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Social and Economic Transformation in the Digital Era

Editors: Georgios Doukidis (Athens U. of Economics & Business), Nikolaos Mylonopoulos (ALBA), Nancy Pouloudi (Athens U. of Economics & Business)

Series: Book (published by Idea Group Publishing)


Abstract

The advent of the Information Society is marked by the explosive penetration of information technologies in all aspects of life and by a related fundamental transformation in every form of the organization. Researchers, business people and policy makers have recognized the importance of addressing technological, economic and social impacts in conjunction. For example, the rise and fall of the dot-com hype depended a lot on the strength of the business model, on the technological capabilities available to firms and on the readiness of the society and economy at large sustain a new breed of business activity. However, it is notoriously difficult to examine the cross-impacts of social, economic and technological aspects of the Information Society. This kind of work requires multidisciplinary work and collaboration on a wide range of skills by assembling the latest thinking of leading researchers and policy makers.
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